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Strange and mysterious sounds from the earth

If you listen closely, you’ll find that the earth is full of sounds.  Some are things that you hear every day, some are truly remarkable and some sounds hail from origins completely unknown.  What follows here is a list of “sonic mysteries” for your pleasure – many of them include audio.

1. The Bloop

250px bloop Strange and mysterious sounds from the earth At various times during the summer of 1997, an ultra-low frequency sound that rose rapidly in frequency over about one minute was detected at 50 degrees S, 100 degrees W.   The sound was detected by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration with the Equatorial Pacific Ocean autonomous hydrophone array (which was U.S. Navy equipment originally designed to detect Soviet submarines), and was loud enough to be heard on multiple sensors, up to 5000km apart.  Scientists dubbed it the “Bloop” (not to be confused with the “Boing “.)

Although the sound matches the profile of a living animal, it is much louder than any known creature can produce.  Any creature that could produce such a sound would have to be many times larger than the largest whale.

You can hear a very short recording of the sound here .  The recording is short because it’s been sped up 16x to make it audible to you and I.

Some people link the Bloop to Cthulhu , a mythical creature from an H.P. Lovecraft story as the noise originated from an area near the mythical sunken city of R’lyeh from the same story.

The Bloop also makes an appearance in the game promoting the movie Cloverfield, and was also seen in the movie “The Loch”, coming from a giant eel.

A 2001 album by Dntel (”Life is full of possibilities “) uses the bloop as a repeating sample through the piece.

The actual origination of the sound is not known and remains a mystery to this day although it is suspected to be biological in origin.

2. The Hum

The hum is the name of a phenomenon that is generally given to mysterious low frequency humming or rumbling.  It is typically heard by many people at a time (but not others), and can come and go or it can be constant.  There are many famous Hums, most notably the Taos Hum and the Bristol Hum.

The Hum is usually difficult to record, and it’s often difficult to localize the source of the hum (perhaps due to the low frequency, as low frequency sounds are harder to localize).

Hums have been detected (or reported) all over the world, but most appear in Europe and South America.  The Hum is more often heard indoors, and some people hear it more faintly than others.  Here is a recording of the Auckland Hum.

The Taos Hum has been featured on the X-Files and Unsolved Mysteries.  The source of some Hums have been identified – for example, a pair of fans in a cooling tower at a DaimlerChrysler casting plant was emitting a 36 Hz tone that caused a Hum over the entire city of Kokomo, Indiana.  Other Hums remain a mystery.  Some possible explanations Include geological events, pulsed microwaves and electromagnetic waves from meteors.  Tinnitus might explain some cases as well.

A creditable scientific hypothesis from 2005 suggests the Hum is caused by the tensor tympani muscle (a muscle in the inner ear) trembling in the eardrums of individuals. on the eardrums of affected individuals by the tensor tympani muscle trembling.  There is a website by the “Interest Group for Research of the Hum Nuisance” (unfortunately in German) describing this theory.

3.The Hell Hole

(You can decide for yourself on this one…) More than forty years ago, researchers in the Soviet Union began an ambitious drilling project whose goal was to penetrate the Earth’s upper crust and sample the warm, mysterious area where the crust and mantle intermingle– the Mohorovičić discontinuity, or “Moho.”

hellhole Strange and mysterious sounds from the earthThis type of drilling was completely new and the technology didn’t exist to go that deep, so the Russians had to invent a completely new way of drilling to be able to do it. Unfortunately, the Russians never reached their goal, and many of the Earth’s secrets were left undiscovered, however The Kola Superdeep Borehole is still a scientifically useful site, and research there is ongoing.

When drilling stopped in 1994, the hole was over seven miles deep, making it by far the deepest hole ever drilled by humans. The last of the cores to be plucked from from the borehole was dated to be about 2.7 billion years old.  Although the Kona hole was the deepest hole ever drilled (until this one) , seven miles was still very short of the 20-80km required to penetrate  the earth’s crust.

Like all newfangled science stories, some Genesis freaks have decided that the intent of the project was not real scientific research as they were told – rather this simple experiment was actually an attempt to drill to hell… and that they were successful! The story has (and still does) made its rounds on Christian circles via tracts, preaching and radio broadcasts.

The story varies, but here are the basics:

1.  After going only a few miles down, the drill began to spin wildly.

2.  A ‘Doctor Azzakov’ is quoted as stating authoritatively that it has been shown that the earth is hollow.

3.  Immensely high temperatures were experienced, much higher than expected at that depth. Usually 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit or 1,100 degrees Celsius is quoted.

4.  Microphones were lowered into the hole (to ‘listen to the earth’s movement’). Human screams were heard—hordes of ‘tortured souls’.

5.  Many of the scientists have quit the project in fear and/or have become total nervous wrecks.

Of course, these “facts” are not quite true:

a) If the earth was largely hollow, it would clearly be evident from seismic studies, as well as from orbital/gravitational considerations, but this is not the case.

b) Far from being a ‘fiery inferno’, the temperature increased by one degree Celsius every 100 meters to 3,000 meters, then by 2.5 degrees every 100 meters thereafter. At 10,000 meters, it was only 180 degrees.

The story of course is based on a factual borehole, and creation geologists have had a field day with the shaky “facts” – using the story to prove that yes, hell exists and they’ve been right all along.

hell2 Strange and mysterious sounds from the earthHere’s the “quote” that has been making it’s way through evangelical circles:

“We lowered a microphone, designed to detect the sounds of plate movements down the shaft. But instead of plate movements we heard a human voice screaming in pain! At first we thought the sound was coming from our own equipment.”

“But when we made adjustments our worst suspicions were confirmed. The screams weren’t those of a single human, they were the screams of millions of humans!”

Oh, you wanted to HEAR the screams from hell?  But of course!  Listen to it here (mirror ) .

4. Mistpouffers

In some places in the world, people have reported long successions of enormously loud booming noises.  They are called different things in different areas of the world –  “Guns of the Seneca” (near Seneca Lake in New York), “Barisal guns ” (in Bangladesh), “uminari” (in Japan), “fog guns,” “lake guns,” and many other terms. These terms all describe a sound or sounds that resemble distant cannon fire, and are usually heard near large bodies of water.  Often times they are accompanied by a long rumble that is strong enough to shake plates and pictures.

There have been many proposed theories about where these sounds come from, however most are not very satisfying.  Since these sounds have been reported for centuries means that the most obvious explanation, artillery tests , are pretty much ruled out.  Earthquakes and volcanoes could produce these sounds and rumbles, however the sounds have not been directly connected to any seismic activity, which is fairly well measured.

Some have speculated that undersea activity (perhaps seismic) creates great bubbles of released gas which floats to the surface and creates huge “ocean farts”, however it is a stretch to think that these bubbles could produce a sound strong enough to create the distant-gunfire sound of Mistpouffers.  Meteorite impacts have also been bandied about as a possible explanation (see here for actual meteor sounds) as have tidal waves .

thor Strange and mysterious sounds from the earth It has also been speculated that these noises happen everywhere and that ambient noise from communities simply make them harder to hear.  Sound travels farther over water than over land, and so the sounds are more easily heard in remote, quiet areas close to bodies of water.

Of course the latest theory is rather boring – that the sounds are made by thunder or other explosions very far away, and the sounds simply travels a very, very long way because atmospheric and topographic conditions happen to be “just so”.  This would explain why no storms or other activity are present in the area and yet the sounds are still heard.

Some people still believe that the sounds are made from alien spacecraft, God, or Thor’s hammer banging on nails while trying to fix the roof over the heavens…. however there is another theory:

A Web page describing the many tourist attractions of the Cayuga Lake area mentions the “Guns of the Seneca.” it also says  “At the southern end, you’ll find the booming city of Ithaca…”  Well, that it. What people are hearing is obviously the sound of Ithaca booming.

5. Slow Down

slowdown Strange and mysterious sounds from the earth Slow down was recorded in the Pacific Ocean on May 19,1997.   It was recorded by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration located around 15 degrees S 115, degrees W.

It is called the Slow Down because the sound slowly decreases in frequency over the span of about 7 minutes.  It was detected using the same hydrophone array as the Bloop, and was loud enough to be detected on multiple sensors 2000km apart.

Here is a recording of the sound, sped up by 16 times.

Some people believe that this sound has been made by a giant squid or other large sea creature, however this theory doesn’t stand up to scientific reason, as squids likey  with tdo not have the capability of producing their beaks ese sounds.

The real source of the Slow Down sound remains completely unknown.  This signal and anything like it has not been heard before or since.

6. The WOW!

No discussion of mysterious sounds would be complete without this one, although it’s not a sound from earth – it’s from space.  You can also debate whether or not it’s actually technically a sound at all, but I’m presenting it here just because it’s interesting.

wow Strange and mysterious sounds from the earthOn August 15, 1977 a SETI scientist working at the Big Ear radio telescope of the Ohio State University noticed a very strong signal that lasted for 72 seconds.  The type of signal resembled signals that are non-terrestrial and non-solar system in origin.

Because the signal was so remarkable, The scientists circled the data on the computer printout and wrote the word “WOW!” beside it. Ever since then, it’s been called the “Wow!” signal.

Since the signal was discovered, scientists from all over have tried to locate it again, however it has never been seen since.

It has been theorized by some people that the signal may have come from extraterrestrial life, however others remain skeptical.

More information on the Wow can be found here by the person who discovered it.

Most Bizarre Experiments Of All Time

20]  Heartbeat At Death

heartatdeath Most Bizarre Experiments Of All TimeOn October 31, 1938, John Deering took a last drag on his cigarette, sat down in a chair, and allowed a prison guard to place a black hood over his head and pin a target to his chest. Next the guard attached electronic sensors to Deering’s wrists.

Deering had volunteered to participate in an experiment, the first of its kind, to have his heartbeat recorded as he was shot through the chest by a firing squad. The prison physician, Dr. Stephen Besley, figured that since Deering was being executed anyway, science might as well benefit from the event. Perhaps some valuable information about the effect of fear on the heart could be learned.

The electrocardiogram immediately disclosed that, despite Deering’s calm exterior, his heart was beating like a jackhammer at 120 beats per minute. The sheriff gave the order to fire, and Deering’s heartbeat raced up to 180 beats per minute. Then four bullets ripped into his chest, knocking him back in his chair. One bullet bore directly into the right side of his heart. For four seconds his heart spasmed. A moment later it spasmed again. Then the rhythm gradually declined until, 15.4 seconds after the first shot, Deering’s heart stopped.

The next day Dr. Besley offered the press a eulogy of sorts for Deering: “He put on a good front. The electrocardiograph film shows his bold demeanor hid the actual emotions pounding within him. He was scared to death.” [Read more…]

The Stupidest Business Decisions in History

We’ve all made mistakes … but probably not big mistakes like making snot beer, saying no to The Beatles, or turning down the patent for the telephone. In fact, here are some of the biggest business blunders in history:
Turning Down The Beatles


The Beatles on Ed Sullivan Show in 1964
1 beatles on ed sullivan show The Stupidest Business Decisions in History Executives: Mike Smith and Dick Rowe, executives in charge of evaluating new talent for the London office of Decca Records.

Background: On December 13, 1961, Mike Smith traveled to Liverpool to watch a local rock ‘n’ roll band perform. He decided they had talent, and invited them to audition on New Year’s Day 1962. The group made the trip to London and spent two hours playing 15 different songs at the Decca studios. Then they went home and waited for an answer.

They waited for weeks.

Decision: Finally, Rowe told the band’s manager that the label wasn’t interested, because they sounded too much like a popular group called The Shadows. In one of the most famous of all rejection lines, he said: “Not to mince words, Mr. Epstein, but we don’t like your boys’ sound. Groups are out; four-piece groups with guitars particularly are finished.”

Impact: The group was The Beatles, of course. They eventually signed with EMI Records, started a trend back to guitar bands, and ultimately became the most popular band of all time. Ironically, “within two years, EMI’s production facilities became so stretched that Decca helped them out in a reciprocal arrangement, to cope with the unprecedented demand for Beatles records.”

Turning Down E.T.

2 et1 The Stupidest Business Decisions in History SHOULD WE LET THAT DIRECTOR USE OUR CANDY IN HIS FILM?

Executives: John and Forrest Mars, the owners of Mars Inc., makers of M&M’s

Background: In 1981, Universal Studios called Mars and asked for permission to use M&M’s in a new film they were making. This was (and is) a fairly common practice. Product placement deals provide filmmakers with some extra cash or promotion opportunities. In this case, the director was looking for a cross-promotion. He’d use the M&M’s, and Mars could help promote the movie.

Decision: The Mars brothers said “No.”

Impact: The film was E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial, directed by Stephen Spielberg. The M&M’s were needed for a crucial scene: Eliott, the little boy who befriended the alien, uses candies to lure E.T. into his house.

Instead, Universal Studios went to Hershey’s and cut a deal to use a new product called Reese’s Pieces. Initial sales of Reese’s Pieces had been light. But when E.T. became a top-grossing film – generating tremendous publicity for “E.T.’s favorite candy” – sales exploded. They tripled within two weeks and continued climbing for months afterward. “It was the biggest marketing coup in history,” says Jack Dowd, the Hershey’s executive who approved the movie tie-in. “We got immediate recognition for our product. We would normally have to pay 15 or 20 million bucks for it.”

Selling M*A*S*H For Peanuts

3 mash The Stupidest Business Decisions in History HOW DO WE COME UP WITH SOME QUICK CASH?

Executives: Executives of 20th Century Fox’s TV division (pre-Murdoch)

Background: No one at Fox expected much from M*A*S*H when it debuted on TV in 1972. Execs simply wanted to make a cheap series by using the M*A*S*H movie set again – so it was a surprise when it became Fox’s only hit show. Three years later, the company was hard up for cash. When the M*A*S*H ratings started to slip after two of its stars left, Fox execs panicked.

Decision: They decided to raise cash by selling the syndication rights to the first seven seasons of M*A*S*H on a futures basis: local TV stations could pay in 1975 for shows they couldn’t broadcast until October 1979 – four years away. Fox made no guarantees that the should would still be popular; $13,000 per episodes was non-refundable. But enough local stations took the deal so that Fox made $25 million. They celebrated …

Impact: … but prematurely. When M*A*S*H finally aired in syndication in 1979, it was still popular (in fact, it ranked #3 that year). It became one of the most successful syndicated shows ever, second only to “I Love Lucy.” Each of the original 168 episodes grossed over $1 million for local TV stations; Fox got nothing.

What Use is the Telephone, the Electrical Toy?

4 western union telegraph The Stupidest Business Decisions in History SHOULD WE BUY THIS INVENTION?

Executive: William Orton, president of the Western Union Telegraph Company in 1876.

Background: In 1876, Western Union had a monopoly on the telegraph, the world’s most advanced communications technology. This made it one of America’s richest and most powerful companies, “with $41 million in capital and the pocketbooks of the financial world behind it.” So when Gardiner Greene Hubbard, a wealthy Bostonian, approached Orton with an offer to sell the patent for a new invention Hubbard had helped to fund, Orton treated it as a joke. Hubbard was asking for $100,000!

Decision: Orton bypassed Hubbard and drafted a response directly to the inventor. “Mr. Bell,” he wrote, “after careful consideration of your invention, while it is a very interesting novelty, we have come to the conclusion that it has no commercial possibilities… What use could this company make of an electrical toy?”

Impact: The invention, the telephone, would have been perfect for Western Union. The company had a nationwide network of telegraph wires in place, and the inventor, 29-year-old Alexander Graham Bell, had shown that his telephone worked quite well on telegraph lines. All the company had to do was hook telephones up to its existing lines and it would have had the world’s first nationwide telephone network in a matter of months.

Instead, Bell kept the patent and in a few decades his telephone company, “renamed American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), had become the largest corporation in America … The Bell patent – offered to Orton for a measly $100,000 – became the single most valuable patent in history.”

Ironically, less than two years of turning Bell down, Orton realized the magnitude of his mistake and spent millions of dollars challenging Bell’s patents while attempting to build his own telephone network (which he was ultimate forced to hand over to Bell.) Instead of going down in history as one of the architects of the telephone age, he is instead remember for having made one of the worst decisions in American business history.

Let’s Make Snot Beer!

5 budweiser The Stupidest Business Decisions in History HOW DO WE COMPETE WITH BUDWEISER?

Executive: Robert Uihlein, Jr., head of the Schlitz Brewing Company in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: in the 1970s, Schlitz was America’s #2 beer, behind Budweiser. It had been #1 until 1957 and has pursued Bud ever since. In the 1970s, Uihlein came up with a strategy to compete against Anheuser-Busch. He figured that if he could cut the cost of ingredients used in his beer and speed up the brewing process at the same time, he could brew more beer in the same amount of time for less money … and earn higher profits.

Decision: Uihlein cut the amount of time it took to brew Schlitz from 40 days to 15, and replaced much of the barley malt in the beer with corn syrup – which was cheaper. He also switched from one type of foam stabilizer to another to get around new labeling laws that would have required the original stabilizer to be disclosed on the label.

Impact: Uihlein got what he wanted: a cheaper, more profitable beer that made a lot of money … at first. But it tasted terrible, and tended to break down so quickly as the cheap ingredients bonded together and sank to the bottom of the can – forming a substance that “looked disconcertingly like mucus.” Philip Van Munchings writes in Beer Blast:

Suddenly Schlitz found itself shipping out a great deal of apparently snot-ridden beer. The brewery knew about it pretty quickly and made a command decision – to do nothing … Uihlein declined a costly recall for months, wagering that not much of the beer would be subjected to the kinds of temperatures at which most haze forms. He lost the bet, sales plummeted … and Schlitz began a long steady slide from the top three.

Schlitz finally caved in and recalled 10 million cans of the snot beer. But their reputation was ruined and sales never recovered. In 1981, they shut down their Milwaukee brewing plant; the following year the company was purchased by rival Stroh’s. One former mayor of Milwaukee compared the brewery’s fortunes to the sinking of the Titanic, asking “How could that big of a business go under so fast?”

Model T is Forever!

6 model t The Stupidest Business Decisions in History SHOULD WE INTRODUCE A NEW CAR?

Ford Model T

Background: When Henry Ford first marketed the Model
T in 1908, it was a state-of-the-art automobile. “There were cheaper cars on the market,” writes Robert Lacey in Ford: The Men and Their Machine, “but no one could offer the same combination of innovation and reliability.” Over the years, the price went down dramatically … and as the first truly affordable quality automobile, the Model T revolutionized American culture.

Decision: The Model T was the only car that the Ford Motor Co. made. As the auto industry grew and competition got stiffer, everyone in the company – from Ford’s employees to his family – pushed him to update the design. Lacey writes:

The first serious suggestions that the Model T might benefit from some major updating had been made when the car was only four years old. In 1912 Henry Ford had taken [his family] on their first visit to Europe, and on his return he discovered that his [chief aides] had prepared a surprise for him. [They] had labored to produce a new, low-slung version of the Model T, and the prototype stood in the middle of the factory floor, its gleaming red lacquer-work polished to a high sheen.

“He had his hands in his pockets,” remembered one eyewitness, “and he walked around the car three or four times, looking at it very closely … Finally, he got to the left-hand side of the car that was facing me, and he takes his hands out, gets hold of the door, and bang! He ripped the door right off! God! How the man done it, I don’t know!”

Ford proceeded to destroy the whole car with his bare hands. It was a message to everyone around him not to mess with his prize creation. Lacey concludes: “The Model T had been the making of Henry Ford, lifting him from being any other Detroit automobile maker to becoming car maker to the world. It had yielded him untold riches and power and pleasure, and it was scarcely surprising that he should feel attached to it. But as the years went by, it became clear that Henry Ford had developed a fixation with his masterpiece which was almost unhealthy.”

Ford had made his choice clear. In 1925, after more than 15 years on the market, the Model T was pretty much the same car it had been when it debuted. It still had the same noisy, underpowered four-cylinder engine, obsolete “planetary” transmission, and horse-buggy suspension that it had in the very beginning. Sure, Ford made a few concessions to the changing times, such as balloon tires, an electric starter, and a gas pedal on the floor. And by the early 1920s, the Model T was available in a variety of colors beyond Ford black. But the Model T was still … a Model T. “You can paint up a barn,” one hurting New York Ford dealer complained, “but it will still be a barn and not a parlor.”

Impact: While Ford rested on his laurels for a decade and a half, his competitors continued to innovate. Four-cylinder engines gave way to more powerful six-cylinder engines with manual clutch-and-gearshift transmissions. These new cars were powerful enough to travel at high speeds made possible by the country’s new paved highways. Ford’s “Tin Lizzie,” designed in an era of dirt roads, was not.

Automobile buyers took notice and began trading up; Ford’s market share slid to 57% of U.S. automobile sales in 1923 down to 45% in 1925, and to 34% in 1926, as companies like Dodge and General Motors steadily gained ground. By the time Ford finally announced, that a replacement for the Model T was in the works in May 1927, the company had already lost the battle. That year, Chevrolet sold more cars than Ford for the first time. Ford regained first place in 1929 thanks to strong sales of its new Model A, but Chevrolet passed it again the following year and never looked back. “From 1930 onwards,” Robert Lacey writes, “the once-proud Ford Motor Company had to be content with second place.”



7 ross perot The Stupidest Business Decisions in History In 1979, Perot employed some of his well-known business acumen and foresaw that Bill Gates was on his way to building Microsoft into a great company. So he offered to buy him out. Gates says Perot offered between $6 million and $15 million; Perot says that Gates wanted $40 million to $60 million. Whatever the numbers were, the two couldn’t come to terms, and Perot walked away empty-handed. Today Microsoft is worth hundreds of billions of dollars.


In 1979, the Washington Post offered the Chronicle the opportunity to syndicate a series of articles that two reporters named Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were writing about a break-in at the Democratic headquarters at Washington, D.C.’s Watergate Hotel. Owner Charles Thieriot said no. “There will be no West Coast interest in the story,” he explained. Thus, his rival, the San Francisco Examiner, was able to purchase the rights to the hottest news story of the decade for $500.


In the mid-1970s, executives at the W.T. Grant variety store chain, one of the nation’s largest retailers, decided that the best way to increase sales was to increase the number of customers … by offering credit. It put tremendous “negative incentive” pressure on store managers to issue credit. Employees who didn’t meet their credit quotas risked complete humiliation. They had pies thrown in their faces, were forced to push peanuts across the floor with their noses, and were sent through hotel lobbies wearing only diapers. Eager to avoid such total embarrassment, store managers gave credit “to anyone who breathed,” including untold thousands of customers who were bad risks. W.T. Grant racked up $800 million worth of bad debts before it finally collapsed in 1977.

ABC-TV 8 cast cosby show The Stupidest Business Decisions in History

Cast of The Cosby Show

In 1984, Bill Cosby gave ABC-TV first shot at buying a sitcom he’d created – and would star in – about an upscale black family.

But ABC turned him down, apparently “believing the show lacked bite and that viewers wouldn’t watch an unrealistic portrayal of blacks as wealthy, well-educated professionals.”

So Cosby sold his show to NBC instead. What happened? Nothing much – The Cosby Show remained #1 show for four straight years, was a rating winner throughout its eight-year run, lifted NBC from its 10-year status as a last-place network to first place, resurrected TV comedy, and became the most profitable series ever broadcast.


9 digital research The Stupidest Business Decisions in History IBM once hired Microsoft founder Bill Gates to come up with the operating software for a new computer that IBM was rushing to market … and Gates turned to a company called Digital Research. He set up a meeting between owner Gary Kildall and IBM … but Kildall couldn’t make the meeting and sent his wife, Dorothy McEwen, instead. McEwen, who handled contract negotiations for Digital Research, felt that the contract IBM was offering would allow the company to incorporate features from Digital’s software into its own proprietary software – which would then compete against Digital. So she turned the contract down. Bill Gates went elsewhere, eventually coming up with a program called DOS, the software that put Microsoft on the map.

The 13th book in the series by the Bathroom Reader’s Institute has 504-all new pages crammed with fun facts, including articles on the biggest movie bombs ever, the origin and unintended use of I.Q. test, and more

Since 1988, the Bathroom Reader Institute had published a series of popular books containing irresistible bits of trivia and obscure yet fascinating facts.

If you like Neatorama, you’ll love the Bathroom Reader Institute’s books – go ahead and check ‘em out!

5 Comic Superheroes Who Made a Real-World Difference

1. Superman Defeats the
Ku Klux Klan

superman0 5 Comic Superheroes Who Made a Real World Difference
In the 1940s, The Adventures of Superman was a radio sensation. Kids across the country huddled around their sets as the Man of Steel leapt off the page and over the airwaves. Although Superman had been fighting crime in print since 1938, the weekly audio episodes fleshed out his storyline even further. It was on the radio that Superman first faced kryptonite, met The Daily Planet reporter Jimmy Olsen, and became associated with “truth, justice, and the American way.” So, it’s no wonder that when a young writer and activist named Stetson Kennedy decided to expose the secrets of the Ku Klux Klan, he looked to a certain superhero for inspiration.

In the post-World War II era, the Klan experienced a huge resurgence. Its membership was skyrocketing, and its political influence was increasing, so Kennedy went undercover to infiltrate the group. By regularly attending meetings, he became privy to the organization’s secrets. But when he took the information to local authorities, they had little interest in using it. The Klan had become so powerful and intimidating that police were hesitant to build a case against them. Struggling to make use of his findings, Kennedy approached the writers of the Superman radio serial. It was perfect timing. With the war over and the Nazis no longer a threat, the producers were looking for a new villain for Superman to fight. The KKK was a great fit for the role. In a 16-episode series titled “Clan of the Fiery Cross,” the writers pitted the Man of Steel against the men in white hoods. As the storyline progressed, the shows exposed many of the KKK’s most guarded secrets. By revealing everything from code words to rituals, the program completely stripped the Klan of its mystique. Within two weeks of the broadcast, KKK recruitment was down to zero. And by 1948, people were showing up to Klan rallies just to mock them.

2. Popeye Helps America Survive the Great Depression

popeye0 5 Comic Superheroes Who Made a Real World Difference
Everyone knows Popeye’s secret. Whenever the cartoon sailor is on the verge of losing a fight, he squeezes open a can of spinach, pours the greens down his throat, and uses his supercharged muscles to pummel opponents. But fewer people know that the U.S. government is directly responsible for his dependence on canned vegetables.

In the 1930s, America was mired in
the Great Depression
, and the government was looking for a way to promote iron-rich spinach as a
meat substitute. To help spread the word, they hired one of America’s favorite celebrities, Popeye the Sailor Man. It was a smart plan. In all of the comic strips to that point, Popeye’s superhuman strength had never been explained. But with the government’s campaign in place, Popeye was suddenly more than willing to share the secret to his strength. Sure enough, soon after Popeye took up spinach,
sales of the mighty veggie increased by one-third. Better still,
children rated it their third favorite food, right after turkey and
ice cream.

But it wasn’t just spinach the government was endorsing. They were also pushing the merits of canned food. U.S. officials wanted Americans to know that cans were the perfect way to stock up on emergency rations.

While Popeye should be applauded for persuading a nation to eat its greens, he did mislead people a bit. The government’s enthusiasm for spinach was based in part on the calculations of German scientist Dr. E von Wolf, who’d discovered in 1870 that spinach contains iron. When calculating the results, he misplaced a decimal point, thereby making it “official” that spinach had 10 times more iron than it actually did. Not until years later were these figures rechecked. But by then, everyone was downing their spinach, hoping to be as tough as Popeye.

3. Captain Marvel Jr. Saves the Bad-Hair Day

capt marvel jr 5 Comic Superheroes Who Made a Real World Difference
Like most
kids in the 1940s,
Elvis Presley fantasized about growing up to be like his favorite comic book superheroes. But it turns out that The King might have been more interested in their fashion statements than their special powers.

During his early teen years, Elvis was obsessed with Captain Marvel Jr., known as “America’s most famous boy hero.” A younger version of Captain Marvel, the character sported an unusual hairstyle that featured a curly tuft of hair falling over the side of his forehead.

Sound familiar? When Elvis set out to conquer America with his rock ‘n’ roll ways, he copied the ’do, thus making it one of the most famous hairstyles of the 20th century. But that wasn’t all. Captain Marvel also gets credit for the short capes Elvis wore on the back of his jumpsuits, as well as The King’s famous TCB logo, which bears a striking resemblance to Marvel’s lightning bolt insignia. Of course, Elvis never tried to hide his love for the Captain. A copy of Captain Marvel Jr. #51 still sits in his preserved childhood bedroom in an apartment in Memphis, and his full comics collection remains intact in the attic at Graceland. Plus, the admiration was mutual. Captain Marvel Jr. paid tribute to The King in one issue, referring to the singer as “the greatest modern-day philosopher.”

4. Donald Duck’s Scientific Breakthrough

donald duck 0 5 Comic Superheroes Who Made a Real World Difference
In 1966, Danish engineer Karl Krøyer developed a method for raising sunken ships off the ocean floor by injecting them with polystyrene foam balls. However, when Krøyer tried to license his invention with the Dutch patent office, he was denied. Donald Duck had beaten him to the punch by 22 years.

Indeed, Krøyer’s concept could be traced back to a Donald Duck comic conceived by Carl Barks. In addition to being the most celebrated artist of the Donald Duck comics, Barks was known for his scientific prowess. So in a 1944 story, when Donald got a bump on his head that turned him into a genius, the duck managed to mumble, “If I mix CH2 [a methylene compound] with NH4 [ammonium] and boil the atoms in osmotic fog, I should get speckled nitrogen!”

Although it sounded like nonsense, it wasn’t. In 1963, chemists P.P. Gaspar and G.S. Hammond wrote a technical article about methylene that included a reference to the Donald Duck story. The final paragraph read, “Among experiments which have not, to our knowledge, been carried out as yet is one of a most intriguing nature suggested in the literature of no less than 19 years ago.” A footnote revealed that “literature” as the Donald Duck comic. It seems the web-footed children’s hero had deduced the chemical intermediate long before it had been proven to exist.

But why were these top
chemists looking to comics for inspiration? Apparently, Dr. Gaspar had been a lifelong Donald Duck fan, and he’d rediscovered Donald’s early reference to methylene while collecting old copies of the classic adventures. Gaspar never disclosed how much his work owed to Duckburg’s most famous resident, but then again, how many scientists would confess that they used comic books to bolster their research?

5. A Spider-Man Villain Keeps Folks Out of Jail

kingpin 5 Comic Superheroes Who Made a Real World Difference
In a 1977 edition of Spider-Man, Peter Parker has the tables turned on him. The villain, Kingpin, tracks down Spidey using an electronic transmitter that he’d fastened to the superhero’s wrist. Although Kingpin loses in the end (he always does), one New Mexico judge saw beauty in his plan. Inspired by the strip, Judge Jack Love turned to computer salesman Michael Goss and asked if he could create a similar device to keep track of crime suspects awaiting trial.

In 1983, Goss produced his first batch of electronic monitors. Authorities in Albuquerque then tested the devices on five offenders, using the gadgets as an alternative to incarceration. Today, the transmitters are a common sight in courtrooms across
the country
, usually in the form of electronic ankle bracelets. Most famously, Martha Stewart donned one while she was under house arrest in 2004. Perhaps she would have felt better knowing that the gadget had once nabbed Spider-Man, too.


America’s Craziest Laws

# Dominoes may not be played on Sunday.
# Incestuous marriages are legal.
# It is illegal to impersonate a person of the clergy.
# It is illegal to stab yourself to gain someone’s pity.
# It is illegal to wear a fake moustache that causes laughter in church.
# Masks may not be worn in public
# Men may not spit in front of the opposite sex.
# Putting salt on a railroad track may be punishable by death.
# You cannot chain your alligator to a fire hydrant.
# You may not drive barefooted.
# You may not have an ice cream cone in your back pocket at any time.

# In Alaska it is illegal to whisper in someone’s ear while they are moose hunting.
# Kangaroos are not allowed in barber shops at any time.
# While it is legal to shoot bears, waking a sleeping bear for the purpose of taking a photograph is prohibited.

# A man can legally beat his wife, but not more than once a month.
# Donkeys cannot sleep in bathtubs.
# It is illegal to take naked photographs before noon on Sunday.
# It is unlawful to refuse a person a glass of water.
# Oral sex is considered to be sodomy.
# There is a possible 25 years in prison for cutting down a cactus.
# You may not have more than two dildos in a house.
# Glendale: Cars may not be driven in reverse.
# Maricopa County: No more than six girls may live in any house.
# Mesa: It is illegal to smoke cigarettes within 15 feet of a public place unless you have a Class 12 liqueur license.
# Mohave County: A decree declares that anyone caught stealing soap must wash himself with it until it is all used up.
# Nogales: An ordinance prohibits the wearing of suspenders.
# Tucson: Women may not wear pants.

# A law provides that school teachers who bob their hair will not get a raise.
# Fayetteville: It is illegal to kill “any living creature”.
# It is illegal to buy or sell blue lightbulbs.
# It’s illegal to mispronounce the name of the state of Arkansas.
# Little Rock: Dogs may not bark after 6 PM.; Flirtation between men and women on the streets of Little Rock may result in a 30-day jail term; It is unlawful to walk one’s cow down Main Street after 1:00 PM on Sunday; No person shall sound the horn on a vehicle at any place where cold drinks or sandwiches are served after 9:00 P.M. -Little Rock City Code Sec. 18-54
# The Arkansas legislature passed a law that states that the Arkansas River can rise no higher than to the Main Street bridge in Little Rock.

# A city ordinance states that a $500 fine will be given to anyone who detonates a nuclear device within city limits.
# Alhambra: You cannot leave your car on the street overnight without the proper permit.
# Animals are banned from mating publicly within 1,500 feet of a tavern, school, or place of worship.
# A regulation in San Francisco makes it unlawful to use used underwear to wipe off cars in a car wash.
# Baldwin Park: Nobody is allowed to ride a bicycle in a swimming pool.
# Bathhouses are against the law.
# Blythe: You are not permitted to wear cowboy boots unless you already own at least two cows.
# Burlingame: It is illegal to spit, except on baseball diamonds; Carmel Ice cream may not be eaten while standing on the sidewalk. (Repealed when Clint Eastwood was mayor); Women may not wear high heels while in the city limits.
# Giving or receiving oral sex is prohibited.
# Hollywood: It is illegal to drive more than two thousand sheep down Hollywood Boulevard at one time.
# In Los Angeles courts it is illegal to cry on the witness stand.
# In California it is illegal to have caller ID
# In California it’s against regulations to let phones ring more than nine times in state offices.
# In Los Angeles a man is legally entitled to beat his wife with a leather belt or strap, but the belt can’t be wider than 2 inches, unless he has his wife’s consent to beat her with a wider strap. Consent should be given prior to the event, as is carefully stipulated.
# In Los Angeles, you cannot bathe two babies in the same tub at the same time.
# In Riverside, California, kissing on the lips, unless both parties wipe their lips with carbonized rose water, is against the local health ordinance. (Someone needed to be kissed!)
# In San Francisco it’s illegal to play poker in public or gamble in a barricaded room.
# In Ventura County, California, cats and dogs are not allowed to have sex without a permit.
# It is a misdemeanor to shoot at any kind of game from a moving vehicle, unless the target is a whale.
# It is illegal for a secretary to be alone in a room with her boss.
# It is illegal to eat an orange in your bath tub
# It is illegal to pile horse manure more than six feet high on a street corner.
# Lodi: It is illegal to own or sell “Silly String”.
# Lompoc: It is illegal to posses, own or raise roosters. This is considered disturbing the peace.
# Long Beach: Cars are the only item allowed in a garage; It is illegal to curse on a mini-golf course.
# Molesting butterflies can result in a $500 fine.
# No alcohol beverages can be displayed within five feet of a cash register of any store in California that sells both alcohol and motor fuel.
# No vehicle without a driver may exceed 60 miles per hour.
# Prunedale: Two bathtubs may not be installed in the same house.
# Riverside: One may not carry a lunch down the street between 11 and 1 o’clock.
# San Diego: It is illegal to shoot jackrabbits from the back of a streetcar; The owners of houses with Christmas lights on them past February second may be fined up to $250.
# San Francisco bans any “mechanical device that reproduces obscene language.”
# San Jose: It is illegal to have more than two cats or dogs. -Ord. 7.08.595
# Santa Monica: You may not play percussion instruments on the beach.
# Sunshine is guaranteed to the masses.
# The city of San Francisco holds a copyright on the name “San Francisco.” It is illegal to manufacture any item with the name without first getting permission from the city. Since the Supreme Court upheld the copyright, San Francisco has had an annual $300 million surplus every year.

# Car dealers may not show cars on a Sunday.
# Colorado Springs: It is permissible to wear a holstered six-gun within city limits, except on Sunday, Election Day, or holidays.
# Crippe Creek: It is illegal to bring your horse or pack mule above the ground floor of any building.
# Denver: The dog catcher must notify dogs of impounding by posting, for three consecutive days, a notice on a tree in the city park and along a public road running through said park; It is unlawful to lend your vacuum cleaner to your next-door neighbor; It is illegal to mistreat rats; You may not drive a black car on Sundays.
# It is illegal to mistreat rats in Denver.
# Durango: It is illegal to go in public dressed in clothes “unbecoming” on one’s sex.
# In Colorado it’s now legal to remove the furniture tags that say, “Do Not Remove Under Penalty of Law.”
# In Denver, Colorado it is illegal for Barber’s to give massages to nude customers unless it is for instructional purposes.
# Logan County: It is illegal for a man to kiss a woman while she is asleep.
# It is illegal for liquor stores to sell food or grocery stores to sell any alcohol except beer that is at most 3.2% alcohol.
# It is illegal to ride a horse while under the influence.

# A local ordinance in Atwoodville, Connecticut prohibits people from playing Scrabble while waiting for a politician to speak.
# A pickle is not officially a pickle unless it bounces
# Balloons with advertising on them are illegal in Hartford, Conn.
# Bloomfield, Conn: It’s against the law to eat in your car.
# Devon: It is unlawful to walk backwards after sunset.
# Guilford: Only white Christmas lights are allowed for display.
# Hartford: You aren’t allowed to cross a street while walking on your hands
# In colonial times, Hartford, Conn., had an ordinance that allowed any resident to rent the town chain for 2 pence.
# In Connecticut any dogs with tattoos must be reported to the police.
# In Connecticut it is illegal to pirouette while crossing the street.
# In Hartford, Conn., it’s illegal to plant a tree in the street.
# In Hartford, Connecticut, it is illegal to kiss your wife on Sunday.
# In Simsbury, Conn., it’s illegal for a politician to campaign at the town dump.
# It is illegal to discharge a firearm from a public highway.
# It is illegal to dispose of used razor blades.
# New Britain: It is illegal for fire trucks to exceed 25mph, even when going to a fire.
# No one may use a white cane, unless they are blind.
# Waterbury: It is illegal for any beautician to hum, whistle, or sing while working on a customer.
# You can be stopped by the police for biking over 65 miles per hour.
# You cannot buy any alcohol after 8pm or on Sundays.
# You may not educate dogs.

# Delaware prohibits horse racing of any kind on Good Friday and Easter Sunday.
# In Delaware it is illegal to get married on a dare.
# In Delaware you may not sell dead people for money without a license.
# It is illegal to fly over any body of water, unless one is carrying sufficient supplies of food and drink.

# A D.C. federal judge has ruled that begging is a form of free speech protected by the Constitution. That means that mugging is free speech too, only more persuasive.
# In Washington D.C. it is illegal to post a notice in public which calls another person a ‘coward’ for refusing to accept a challenge to duel.
# It is unlawful for small boys to throw stones, at any time, at any place in the District of Columbia.
# The only acceptable sexual position in Washington D.C. is the missionary position. Any other sexual position is considered illegal.
# The U.S. government says it’s a crime to give false weather reports.

# Florida prohibits topless walking or running within a 150 foot zone between the beach and the street.
# Having sexual relations with a porcupine is illegal.
# Daytona Beach: The molestation of trash cans is banned; While intoxicated, being under influence of narcotics is prohibited; It shall be unlawful for any person to swim or bathe in that portion of the Atlantic Ocean within the corporate limits of the city when under the influence of intoxicating liquor or narcotic drugs to the extent that his or her normal faculties are impaired;
# Florida deals with its prostitution problem by giving prostitutes spending money, a five-year banishment, and a bus ticket out of town.
# Florida law forbids rats to leave the ships docked in Tampa Bay.
# Hialeah: Ambling and strolling is a misdemeanor.
# If an elephant is left tied to a parking meter, the parking fee has to be paid just as it would for a vehicle.
# Failure to tell your neighbor his house is on fire is illegal.
# It is illegal to fish while driving across a bridge.
# In Miami, it is forbidden to imitate an animal.
# In Saratoga, Florida it is illegal to sing while wearing a bathing suit.
# It is considered an offense to shower naked.
# It is illegal to fart in a public place after 6:00pm on a Thursday.
# Key West: Chickens are considered a ‘protected species’.
# Oral sex is illegal.
# You may not kiss your wife’s breasts.
# Penalty for horse theft is death by hanging.
# Pensacola: Citizens may not be caught downtown without at least 10 dollars on their person; It is illegal to roll a barrel on any street, fines go up according to the contents of the barrel; A women can be fined (only after death), for being electrocuted in a bath-tub because of using self-beautification utensils.
# Pinecrest: In order to operate a burglar alarm, a permit must be obtained.
# Sanford Stage: Nudity is banned, with the exception of “bona fide” theatrical performances. Violating this ordinance results in a $100 fine.
# Sarasota: If you hit a pedestrian you are fined $78.00; You may not catch crabs.
# Tampa Bay: It is illegal to eat cottage cheese on Sunday after 6:00 P.M.
# Under a 1959 ordinance, stubborn children were considered vagrants in Jupiter Inlet Colony, Fla.
# When having sex, only the missionary position is legal.
# Women can be fined for falling asleep under a hair dryer. The salon owner can also be fined for this horrible crime.

# Acworth: All citizens must own a rake.
# A Kennesaw, Ga. law makes it illegal for every homeowner not to own a gun, unless you are a convicted felon, conscientious objector or disabled.
# Against the law to tie a giraffe to a telephone pole or street lamp.
# Atlanta: Against the law to tie a giraffe to a telephone pole or street lamp; One man may not be on another man’s back.
# Columbus: Can’t cut off a chicken’s head on Sunday; It is illegal to carry a chicken by it’s feet down Broadway on Sunday.
# Gainesville: Chicken must be eaten with the hands.
# In Atlanta, Georgia, it is illegal to tie a giraffe to a telephone pole or street lamp.
# In Columbus, Georgia it is illegal to sit on one’s porch in an indecent position.
# In Georgia, movie houses that want to show films on Sunday must reserve one showing a month for religious material.
# It is illegal in Georgia to use profanity in the presence of a corpse.
# In Quitman, It is illegal for a chicken to cross the road.
# It is illegal to change the clothes on a storefront mannequin unless the shades are down.
# It is illegal to say “Oh, Boy” in Jonesboro.
# It is illegal to take a bath of orange peel.
# Kennesaw: Every head of household must possess a firearm of some kind.
# Marietta: Though it is illegal to spit from a car or bus, citizens may spit from a truck.
# Members of the state assembly cannot be ticketed for speeding while the state assembly is in session.
# Signs are required to be written in English.
# St. Mary’s: No spitting on the sidewalk is permitted after dark.
# Though it is illegal to spit from a car or bus, citizens may spit from a truck.

# Honolulu: Within the limits of any public park, it is unlawful to annoy any bird.
# In Hawaii it is illegal to get a tattoo behind your ear or on your eyelid unless in the presence of a registered physician.
# Coins are not allowed to be placed in one’s ears.
# It used to be the law in Hawaii that children had to obey all “lawful and moral” commands of their parents.
# It’s illegal for a shooting gallery to offer liquor as a prize. The shooter might want to come back after drinking the prize and try again.
# You will be fined if you do not own a boat.

# It is illegal for a man to give his sweetheart a box of candy weighing less than fifty pounds.
# If a police officer approaches a vehicle and suspects that the occupants are engaging in sex, he must either honk, or flash his lights and wait for three minutes before approaching the car.
# Idaho Falls: If you’re 88 years of age or older, it’s illegal for you to ride your motorcycle.
# Idaho and other states allow members of the Native American church to use the hallucinogenic plant peyote in religious services.
# Walking along the street with a red-tipped cane is strictly prohibited.
# Non-married couples in Idaho who engage in sexual intercourse can be jailed for up to six months
# Riding a merry-go-round on Sundays is considered a crime.
# You may not fish on a camel’s back.

# “Dwarf-tossing,” the strange practice of hurling dwarfs in padded suits, is outlawed in the bars of Springfield, Ill., because it’s dangerous and exploitative. The practice is apparently allowed elsewhere in town, with a special permit.
# A state law in Illinois mandates that all bachelors should be called master, not mister, when addressed by their female counterparts.
# It is illegal to speak English. The officially recognized language is “American”.
# Champaign: One may not pee in his neighbor’s mouth.
# Chicago: Law forbids eating in a place that is on fire; It is illegal to give a dog whiskey; Kites may not be flown within the city limits; Spitting is forbidden
# Cicero: Humming on public streets is prohibited on Sundays.
# Crete: It is considered an offense to attempt to have sex with one’s dog; Cars may not be driven through the town.
# Des Plaines: Wheelbarrows with For-Sale signs may not be chained to trees.
# Eureka: A man with a moustache may not kiss a woman.
# Evanston: Bowling is forbidden; It is illegal to go trick-or-treating on Halloween; It is unlawful to change clothes in an automobile with the curtains drawn, except in case of fire.
# Fairfield: It is unlawful for “Negroes” to be within county boundaries from sundown to sunrise.
# Freeport: It is illegal to expectorate from any second-story window.
# Galesburg: There is a $1,000 dollar fine for beating rats with baseball bats.
# Homer: It is against the law to use a slingshot unless your are a law enforcement officer.
# If the Rushville, Ill., city council doesn’t have a quorum, those sent can have the cops go out and arrest absent members and bring them to the meeting.
# In Illinois it is illegal for barbers to use their fingers to apply shaving cream to a customer’s face.
# In Illinois, it is illegal for anyone to give lighted cigars to dogs, cats, and other domesticated animal kept as pets.
# In Chicago it is also illegal to take a French poodle to the opera, and for women over 200 pounds (90 kilos) to ride horses in shorts.
# In Chicago, it is illegal to fish in pajamas.
# In Chicago, people who are diseased, maimed, mutilated, or “otherwise an unsightly or disgusting object” are banned from going out in public.
# In Oblong, it’s punishable by law to make love while hunting or fishing on your wedding day.
# In Zion, it is illegal for anyone to give lighted cigars to dogs, cats, and other domesticated animals kept as pets.
# It is against the law for a monster to enter the corporate limits of Urbana, Illinois.
# It is legal to protest naked in front of city hall as long as you are under seventeen years of age and have legal permits.
# It is unlawful to change clothes in an automobile with the curtains drawn, except in case of fire.
# It’s not clear what this has done to the bar business, but a law in Chicago, makes it illegal to serve liquor to the feeble-minded.
# Kenilworth: A rooster must step back three hundred feet from any residence if he wishes to crow; Hens that wish to cackle must step two hundred feet back from any residence.
# Kirkland: Bees are not allowed to fly over the village or through any of Kirkland’s streets.
# Law forbids eating in a place that is on fire.
# Moline: Ice skating at the Riverside pond during the months of June and August is prohibited; There is a ban on unnecessary repetitive driving on 23rd Avenue.
# Morton Grove: You may not own a handgun
# Normal: It is against the law to make faces at dogs.
# Orland Park: No pool tables are allowed in a public establishment, because it supports gambling.
# Ottawa: Spitting on the sidewalk is a criminal offense.
# Park Ridge: Trucks may only park inside closed garages.
# Peoria: Basketball hoops may not be installed on a driveway.
# Pullman: It is illegal to drink beer out of a bucket while sitting on the curb; It is forbidden to fish while sitting on a giraffe’s neck; It is legal to protest naked in front of city hall as long as you are under seventeen years of age and have legal permits.
# The English language is not to be spoken.
# Take some elocution lessons if you’re going to Joliet, Ill., where it’s against the law to mispronounce the city’s name. Offenders can be fined up to $500.
# The people in Manteno, Ill., do not want used facial tissue, period. Hence, you cannot “throw, drop or place” a used hankie “upon any public way or public place or upon the floor of any convenience or upon the floor of any theater, hall or assembly or public building or upon the surface or any lot or parcel of ground or on the roof on any building or in any light or air shaft, court or areaway.”
# You may be arrested for vagrancy if you do not have at least one dollar bill on your person.
# You may be convicted of a Class 4 felony offense, punishable by up to three years in state prison, for the crime of “eavesdropping” on your own conversation. -720 ILCS 5/14-2.

# “Spiteful Gossip” and “talking behind a person’s back” are illegal.
# A three dollar fine per pack will be imposed on anyone playing cards in Indiana under the Act for the Prevention of Gaming.
# All males 18 to 50 years old must work six days a year on public roads.
# Anyone 14 or older who profanely curses, damns or swears by the name of God, Jesus Christ or the Holy Ghost, shall be fined one to three dollars for each offense, with a maximum fine of ten dollars per day.
# Auburn: It is illegal to bike, roller-skate, skateboard, or inline skate in a commercially zoned area. For these offenses, there is a fine of no more than $5 or the impounding of one’s bicycle for a period not to exceed 30 days.
# Baths may not be taken between the months of October and March.
# Beech Grove: It is forbidden to eat watermelon in the park.
# Check forgery can be punished with public flogging up to 100 stripes.
# Citizens are not allowed to attend a cinema or theatre nor ride in a public streetcar within at least four hours after eating garlic.
# Drinking from your own bottle in a bar can lead to your arrest.
# Drinks on the house are illegal.
# Elkhart: It is illegal for barbers to threaten to cut off kid’s ears.
# Evansville: While driving on Main Street you may not have your lights on.
# Fort Wayne: You may not sell or play on a radio broadcast, the record “It’s In the Book”.
# Grocery stores may not sell any type of cold liquor.
# Hotel sheets must be exactly 99 inches long and 81 inches wide.
# If any person has a puppet show, wire dancing or tumbling act in the state of Indiana and receives money for it, they will be fined $3 under the Act to Prevent Certain Immoral Practices.
# In Indiana it is illegal to sell laughing gas with the intent to induce laughter.
# In South Bend, Indiana, it is illegal to make a monkey smoke a cigarette.
# It is against the law to pass a horse on the street.
# Men are prohibited from standing in a bar.
# Mustaches are illegal if the bearer has a tendency to habitually kiss other humans.
# No one may catch a fish with his bare hands.
# One man may not back into a parking spot because it prevents police officers from seeing the license plate.
# Oral sex is illegal.
# Pedestrians crossing the highway at night are prohibited from wearing tail lights.
# Smoking in the state legislature building is banned, except when the legislature is in session.
# State government officials who engage in private duels can be dismissed from their post.
# Taxpayers of Bainbridge, Ind., used to have to swear a solemn oath that the values they placed on their taxable property were the fair market values.
# Terre Haute: No one may spit on the sidewalk.
# The value of Pi is 4, and not 3.1415
# You are not allowed to carry a cocktail from the bar to a table; the waiter or waitress has to do it.
# You are required to pour your drink into a glass.
# You can get out of paying for a dependent’s medical care by praying for him/her.

# A man with a moustache may never kiss a woman in public.
# An owner or employee of an establishment in Iowa that sells alcohol can’t legally consume a drink there after closing for business.
# Don’t plan on running a “tab” in Iowa; it’s illegal.
# Horses are forbidden to eat fire hydrants in Marshalltown, Iowa.
# If a law enforcement officer is having a drink in a bar in Iowa and an employee pours water down the drain, the water is legally considered an alcohol beverage intended for unlawful purposes.
# In Dubuque any hotel in the city limits must have a water bucket and a hitching post in front of the building.
# In Fort Madison the fire department is required to practice fire fighting for fifteen minutes before attending a fire.
# Indianola: The “Ice Cream Man” and his truck are banned.
# It is illegal to hunt from an aircraft.
# It is illegal to accept a gratuity or tip in Iowa.
# Kisses may last for as much as, but no more than, five minutes.
# One-armed piano players must perform for free.
# Ottumwa: Within the city limits, a man may not wink at any woman he does not know.
# Riverboat gamblers in Iowa have a $5 maximum bet.
# The Iowa Legislature once passed a resolution ordering the state cafeteria to start serving cornbread.
# Warn your hubby that after lovemaking in Ames, Iowa, he isn’t allowed to take more than three gulps of beer while lying in bed with you — or holding you in his arms.
# You may shoot Native Americans if there are more than five of them on your property at any one time.

# If two trains meet on the same track, neither shall proceed until the other has passed.
# In Kansas City, KS, saying the name “George Washington” without adding the phrase “blessed be his name,” can land you with a fine of up to fifty cents.
# In Natoma, Kansas, it’s illegal to throw knives at men wearing striped suites.
# In Topeka, Kansas, servers are forbidden to serve wine in teacups.
# In Wichita, at the intersection of Douglas and Broadway, all motorists are required to stop at the intersection, exit their vehicles, and fire three shotgun rounds, before continuing on their way.
# It is illegal to catch bullfrogs in a tomato patch.
# It is illegal to hunt whales.
# It is illegal to put ice cream on cherry pie in Kansas.
# Kansas state law requires pedestrians crossing the highways at night to wear tail lights.
# Lawrence: All cars entering the city limits must first sound their horn to warn the horses of their arrival. No one may wear a bee in their hat.
# Minors in Kansas City, Missouri, are not allowed to purchase cap pistols; they may buy shotguns freely, however.
# No one may catch fish with his bare hands in Kansas.
# Pedestrians crossing the highways at night must wear tail lights.
# Rabbits may not be shot from motorboats.
# Russell: Musical car horns are banned
# Salina: It is against the law to leave your car running unattended.
# The state game rule prohibits the use of mules to hunt ducks.
# Topeka: The installation of bathtubs is prohibited.
# Wichita: Before proceeding through the intersection of Douglas and Broadway, a motorist is required to get out of their vehicle and fire three shot gun rounds into the air. Any person caught using or carrying bean snappers or the like shall upon conviction, be fined. -City ordinance 349 of Wichita, Kansas.

# A person can be sent to jail for five years for merely sending a bottle of beer, wine or spirits as a gift to a friend in Kentucky.
# An ordinance in Murray, Ky., says the superintendent of sanitation “shall determine whether a person is small, medium or large.” Why the superintendent should make this determination is left unsaid.
# A Kentucky statute says: “No female shall appear in a bathing suit on any highway within this state unless she is escorted by at least two officers or unless she be armed with a club.” Later, an amendment proposed: “The provisions of this statute shall not apply to any female weighing less than sixty pounds nor exceeding 200 pounds; nor shall it apply to female horses.”
# All nude people in your house must be registered in Kentucky.
# An excerpt from brilliant Kentucky state legislation. “No female shall appear in a bathing suit on any highway within this state unless she be escorted by at least two officers or unless she be armed with a club”. The following important ammendment however is to be considered here: “The provisions of this statuate shall not apply to females weighing less than 90 pounds nor exceeding 200 pounds,
# Any person who appears on any highway, or upon the street of any city that has no police protection, when clothed only in ordinary bathing garb, shall be fined no less than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars.” – KRS 436.140
# Any person who displays, handles or uses any kind of reptile in connection with any religious service or gathering shall be fined not less than fifty dollars ($50) nor more than one hundred dollars ($100). -KRS 437.060 (Passed 1942, from Ky. Stat. sec. 1267a-1.).
# By law, anyone who has been drinking is “sober” until he or she “cannot hold onto the ground”.
# Each year, the mayor of Danville, Ky., must appoint “three intelligent housekeepers” to the Board of Tax Supervisors.
# Frankfort, Kentucky, makes it against the law to shoot off a policeman’s tie.
# In Danville, Ky., it’s illegal to throw slops or soapsuds in the street.
# In Kentucky, according to an old law, it’s illegal to use any kind of reptile in a religious service. It’s not certain if the law would withstand First Amendment scrutiny today.
# In Kentucky every citizen of is required to take a shower once a year.
# In Kentucky you need a license to walk around nude on your property.
# In Lexington, Kentucky, it’s illegal to carry an ice cream cone in your pocket.
# It is illegal in Kentucky to marry the same man more than 3 times.
# It is illegal to fish with a bow and arrow in Kentucky.
# It is illegal to shoot game out of the window of a moving vehicle, with the exception of a whale
# It is illegal to transport an ice cream cone in your pocket.
# It’s illegal to fish in the Ohio River in Kentucky without an Indiana Fishing License.
# Lexington: It is illegal to transport an ice cream cone in your pocket. By law, anyone who has been drinking is “sober” until he or she “cannot hold onto the ground.”
# No person owning or controlling a billiard or pool table shall permit, for compensation or reward, any minor under eighteen (18) years of age to play any game on the table, unless such minor shall have first displayed an identification card containing his name, age, photograph, and the signature of his parents or guardian. The minor shall keep such identification card on his person, and it shall be subject to inspection at any time by any peace officer. The person owning or controlling such billiard or pool table shall keep and maintain a registration book in which each minor shall sign. The person owning or controlling such billiard or pool table shall supply a blank identification card to each parent or guardian who makes request for same. Any person who violates this section shall be fined not less than ten ($10) nor more than one hundred dollars ($100) for each offense. -KRS 436.320 (Passed 1893; Amended in 1954, Ky. Acts ch. 232, sec. 1)
# No person shall sell, exchange, offer to sell or exchange, display or possess living baby chicks, ducklings, or other fowl or rabbits which have been dyed or colored; nor dye or color any baby chicks, ducklings or other fowl or rabbits; nor sell, exchange, offer to sell or exchange or to give away baby chicks, ducklings or other fowl or rabbits, under two months of age in any quantity less than six, except that any rabbit weighing three pounds or more may be sold at an age of six weeks. Any person who violates this section shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500. -KRS 436.600 (Passed 1966 Ky. Acts ch. 215, sec. 5.)
# Owensboro: A woman may not buy a hat without her husband’s permission. One may not receive anal sex. All bees entering Kentucky shall be accompanied by certificates of health, stating that the apiary from which the bees came was free from contagious or infectious disease. -KRS 252.130 (Passed in 1922; Repealed in 1948)

# An old ordinance declares goatees illegal unless you first pay a special license fee for the privilege of wearing one in public.
# Biting someone with your natural teeth is “simple assault”, while biting someone with your false teeth is “aggravated assault”.
# Communism has been against the law in Haines City, La., since 1950.
# If you’ve ever been to Mardi Gras in New Orleans, you’ll see the kings and queens on the various floats throwing plastic money, medallions and jewels to the crowd, but not food. It’s against the law to throw food from a float in the Mardi Gras festivities.
# It is against state law to steal even a single crawfish.
# It is illegal to gargle in public places.
# It is illegal to rob a bank and then shoot at the bank teller with a water pistol.
# It illegal for a woman to drive a car unless her husband is waving a flag in front of it.
# It is illegal in Lafayette, Louisiana to play a musical instrument for the purpose of attracting attention, without a license.
# It’s legal to walk down the street with a drink in New Orleans, even to drive with a drink. But if you fall over and block the sidewalk, you’ve just broken the law.
# Louisiana law prohibits couples who are shopping for a new bed from putting it to the “ultimate test”– in other words, from trying it out by making love on it, or even simulating this activity.
# Mourners at a wake may not eat more than three sandwiches.
# New Orleans: You may not tie an alligator to a fire hydrant.
# Rituals that involve the ingestion of blood, urine, or fecal matter are not allowed.
# Snoring is prohibited unless all bedroom windows are closed and securely locked.
# Taxi drivers are prohibited from making love in the front seat of their taxi during their shifts.
# You may not tie an alligator to a fire hydrant.

# After January 14th you will be charged a fine for having your Christmas decorations still up.
# In Augusta to stroll down the street playing a violin is against the law.
# It’s illegal to clean salmon along Maine’s upper Kennebec River. Enforcement of this law has been made easier for many years by the fact that, because of a dam, there are no salmon on the upper Kennebec River.
# In Maine, it is illegal to sell a car on Sunday unless it comes equipped with plumbing.
# In Maine it’s illegal to catch lobsters with your bare hands.
# In Portland shoelaces must be tied while walking down the street.
# In Waterville, Maine, it is illegal to blow one’s nose in public.
# It’s unlawful to tickle a woman’s chin with a feather duster in Portland.
# Shoelaces must be tied while walking down the street.
# Shotguns are required to be taken to church in the event of a Native American attack.
# You may not step out of a plane in flight.

# Baltimore City: Though you may spit on a city roadway, spitting on city sidewalks is prohibited. You may not curse inside the city limits.
# Baltimore: It’s illegal to throw bales of hay from a second-story window within the city limits. It’s illegal to take a lion to the movies. It is a park rule violation to be in a public park with a sleeveless shirt. $10 fine. This would include joggers that go shirtless. (1898) -Park Rule 6 It is a violation of city code to sell chicks or ducklings to a minor within 1 week of the Easter holiday.
# Baltimore has regulations governing the disposal of hog’s heads, pet droppings and oyster shells.
# Columbia: You can not have a antenna exposed outside of your house yet you can have a 25′ satellite dish. Though clotheslines are banned, clothes may be draped over a fence.
# Eating while swimming in the ocean is prohibited.
# Gypsies should steer clear of Caroline County, Md., where it’s a $100 fine or six months in the can for “forecasting or pretending to foretell the future.”
# In Baltimore it’s illegal to block the sidewalk with a box. But the offense only carries a $1 fine. Another law makes it illegal to throw bale of hay (or of anything else) out a second-story window. That gets you a $20 fine. In Baltimore it’s illegal to play professional croquet before 2 p.m. Sunday. The law also applies to professional quoits.
# In Baltimore it is illegal to mistreat oysters.
# In Baltimore, it is illegal to wash or scrub sinks no matter how dirty they get.
# In Baltimore, Maryland, it is not legal to take a lion to the movies.
# In Halethrope, Maryland kisses longer than one second are illegal.
# In Maryland, a woman may not go through her husband’s pockets while he is sleeping.
# In Maryland, men may not buy drinks for female bartenders.
# In Maryland, it is illegal to sell condoms from vending machines with one exception: prophylactics may be dispensed from a vending machine only “in places where alcoholic beverages are sold for consumption on the premises.”
# In Maryland, the legislature once proposed a board of parachute examiners to be made up of five licensed parachute instructors who would test and license all other parachute instructors. The plan had been abandoned when it was learned there were only three licensed parachute instructors in the state.
# In the entire state of Maryland, it is illegal to give or recieve oral sex.
# It is a violation to be in a public park with a sleeveless shirt. $10 fine.
# It’s illegal to take a lion to the movies.
# Maryland now requires that alcohol beverage writers be certified as experts by an agency of the state before they can receive product samples, which it limits to three bottles per brand.
# Ocean City: A law from the early 1900’s prohibits men from going topless on the Boardwalk. Eating while swimming in the ocean is prohibited
# Thistles may not grow in one’s yard.
# You can not have a antenna exposed outside of your house yet you can have a 25′ satellite dish.
# You cannot swear while inside the city limits of Baltimore.
# You cannot throw a bail of hay out of a second story window in Annapolis.
# You may not curse inside the city limits.

# A Boston mayor who disliked dancing and liked to retire early once banned midnight dancing in the Hub City.
# A woman can not be on top in sexual activities.
# Affiliation with the Communist party is illegal.
# Alcoholic drink specials are illegal.
# All men must carry a rifle to church on Sunday.
# An old ordinance declares goatees illegal unless you first pay a special license fee for the privilege of wearing one in public.
# At a wake, mourners may eat no more than three sandwiches.
# Boston: It is illegal to play the fiddle. Two people may not kiss in front of a church. No more than two baths may be taken within the confines of the city. No one may cross the Boston Common without carrying a shotgun in case of bears. Anyone may let their sheep and cows graze in the public gardens/commons at any time except o Sundays. It is illegal to eat peanuts in church. An old law prohibits the taking of baths on Sunday. Duels to the death permitted on the common on Sundays provided that the Governor is present. Women may not wear heels over 3 inches in length while on the common. No one may take a bath without a prescription. It is illegal for any citizen to own more than three dogs.
# Both Massachusetts and New Hampshire had old laws that penalized gamblers who lost money. You’d get fined in Massachusetts if you had any money left.
# Bullets may not be used as currency.
# Burlington: You may not walk around with a “drink”.
# Cambridge: It is illegal to shake carpets in the street, or to throw orange peels on the sidewalk. It costs $50 extra for a permit for hurling, soccer or Gaelic football games in a public park on a Sunday.
# Children may smoke, but they may not purchase cigarettes.
# Defacing a milk carton is punishable by a $10 fine.
# Eating while swimming in the ocean is prohibited.
# Hingham: You may not have colored lights on your house if it can be seen from Main Street. Only white lights may be visible. If you live on Main Street and want to paint your house, the colors must be approved by the historical society.
# Hopkinton: Though horses and cows are allowed on the common, dogs are prohibited.
# Hunting on Sundays is prohibited.
# Holyoke, Massachusetts, makes it unlawful to water your lawn when it is raining.
# In a law that predates returnable bottles and cans, it’s illegal in Boston to rummage through rubbish containers.
# In 1659 the state of Massachusetts outlawed Christmas.
# In Boston it’s illegal to post an advertisement on a public urinal. It’s also against the law to hang a vending machine on a utility pole.
# In Boston, it’s illegal to cut firewood in the street, or shoot a bow and arrow in the street.
# In Boston it’s against the law to keep manure in a building unless the building is being used as a stable. If it is, you can keep up to two cords of manure. If you’re overstocked, you need a permit to move the stuff. And you can’t leave it in the street.
# In Boston, Massachusetts it is illegal to take a bath unless instructed to do so by a physician.
# In Massachusetts, it is unlawful to deliver diapers on Sunday, regardless of emergencies.
# In Massachusetts you must have a license to wear a goatee.
# In Massachusetts, if you get caught eating peanuts in church , you can be jailed for up to one year.
# In Provincetown, Mass., it’s illegal to sell suntan oil until after noon on Sunday.
# In Salem, Massachesetts sleeping in the nude in a rented room is forbidden, even for married couples.
# It is illegal to frighten a pigeon.
# It is illegal to go to bed without first having a full bath.
# It is illegal to put tomatoes in clam chowder.
# It is illegal to reproach Jesus Christ or the holy ghost.
# It is illegal to take more than 2 baths a month within Boston confines.
# It is unlawful to injure a football goal post, doing so is punishable by a $200 fine
# It’s illegal to allow someone to use stilts while working on the construction of a building.
# It’s illegal to drive Texan, Mexican, Cherokee, or Indian cattle on a public road.
# It’s illegal to keep a mule on the second floor of a building not in a city unless there are 2 exits.
# It’s illegal to sell fewer than 24 ducklings at a time before May 1, or to sell rabbits, chicks, or ducklings that have been painted a different color.
# It’s illegal to take a lion to the movies.
# Longmeadow: It is illegal for two men to carry a bathtub across the town green.
# Marlboro: It is illegal to buy, sell or possess a squirt gun. Silly string is illegal in the city limits. One may not detonate a nuclear device in the city. It is illegal for any citizen to own more than two dogs.
# Massachusetts law declares that peanuts may not be eaten in court.
# Massachusetts liquor stores can only open on Sundays if they are in Berkshire, Essex, Franklin, Middlesex or Worcester counties and are within 10 miles of the Vermont or New Hampshire borders.
# Milford: Peeping in the windows of automobiles is forbidden.
# Mourners at a wake may not eat more than three sandwiches.
# Newton: All families must be given a hog from the town’s mayor.
# No gorilla is allowed in the back seat of any car.
# North Andover: An ordinance prohibits the use of space guns.
# Peeping in the windows of automobiles is forbidden.
# Public boxing matches are outlawed.
# Quakers and witches are banned.
# Snoring is prohibited unless all bedroom windows are closed and securely locked.
# Southbridge, Massachusetts, makes it illegal to read books or newspapers after 8 p.m. in the streets.
# Tattooing and body piercing is illegal.
# Taxi drivers are prohibited from making love in the front seat of their taxi during their shifts.
# There is a Massachusetts law requiring all dogs to have their hind legs tied during the month of April.
# Tomatoes may not be used in the production of clam chowder.
# Under an old law in Marblehead, Mass., it was illegal to cross the street on Sunday, unless absolutely necessary.
# Woburn: In bars, it is illegal to “walk around” with a beer in your hand.
# You can not have a antenna exposed outside of your house yet you can have a 25′ satellite dish.
# You may not curse inside the city limits.
# You may not, at any time take a crap on your neighbour.

# A Michigan law states that a wife’s hair legally belongs to her husband.
# A woman isn’t allowed to cut her own hair without her husband’s permission.
# Any person over the age of 12 may have a license for a handgun as long as he/she has not been convicted of a felony.
# In Clawson, Mich., there is a law that makes it LEGAL for a farmer to sleep with his pigs, cows, horses, goats, and chickens.
# In Detroit, couples are not allowed to make love in an automobile unless the act takes place while the vehicle is parked on the couple’s own property.
# In Detroit, Michigan it is illegal to sleep in a bathtub.
# In Rochester, Michigan, anyone bathing in public must have his or her bathing suit inspected by a police officer.
# It is legal for a robber to file a law suit, if he or she got hurt in your house.
# It is illegal to loiter in the city morgue in Detroit.
# It’s illegal in Michigan for a person under the age of 21 to give a gift of alcohol beverage to anyone, even to a person of legal age.
# Permitting diners to take home an unfinished bottle of alcohol beverage, rather than consuming it all before leaving to prevent “waste,” encourages moderation and discourages intoxication. However, this is prohibited in Michigan.
# Smoking while in bed is illegal.
# The use of the names of dead presidents to sell alcohol in Michigan is prohibited.
# Under an 1889 law, the health officer of East Jordan, Mich., could send any nonresident with an infectious disease back to where he came from, as long as the person could travel. If not, the officer could rent a house for use as a pest house.
# You may not swear in front of women and children in the state of Michigan.

# A Blue Earth, Minnesota, law declares that no child under the age of twelve may talk over the telephone unless monitored by a parent.
# A Minnesota tax form is quite thorough. Some would say too thorough. It even asks for your date of death.
# A person may not cross state lines with a duck atop his head.
# A woman isn’t allowed to cut her own hair without her husband’s permission.
# All bathtubs must have feet.
# All men driving motorcycles must wear shirts.
# Any person over the age of 12 may have a license for a handgun as long as he/she has not been convicted of a felony.
# Citizens may not enter Wisconsin with a chicken on their head.
# Clawson: There is a law that makes it legal for a farmer to sleep with his pigs, cows, horses, goats, and chickens.
# Every man in Brainerd, Minnesota is required by law to grow a beard.
# Grand Haven: No person shall throw an abandoned hoop skirt into any street or on any sidewalk, under penalty of a five- dollar fine for each offense.
# Hamburgers may not be eaten on Sundays.
# Harper Woods: It is illegal to paint sparrows to sell them as parakeets.
# Hibbing: It shall be the duty of any policeman or any other officer to enforce the provisions of this Section, and if any cat is found running at large, or which is found in any street, alley or public place, it shall be the duty of any policeman or other officer of the city to kill such cat.
# In Duluth, Minnesota it is illegal to allow animals to sleep in a bakery.
# In Minnesota, it’s illegal to tease skunks. (As if being sprayed weren’t enough of a deterrent.)
# It is illegal to sleep naked.
# It is legal for a robber to file a law suit, if he or she got hurt in your house.
# It used to be legal in Minnesota to sell rolled candy on Sunday, and illegal to sell flat candy. The wafer people have gotten this one repealed.
# Minneapolis: Red cars can not drive down Lake Street
# Minnesota has repealed its so-called “Twinkie” law, under which a Minneapolis City Council candidate was indicted for dispensing $34 worth of Twinkies, Ho-Hos, cookies, Kool-Aid and coffee to some senior citizens.
# Minnesotans are forbade from teasing skunks.
# No man is allowed to make love to his wife with the smell of garlic, onions, or sardines on his breath in Alexandria, Minnesota. If his wife so requests, law mandates that he must brush his teeth.
# Oral sex is prohibited.
# Public intoxication is a crime in Pennsylvania but specifically not a crime in Minnesota.
# Rochester: All bathing suits must have been inspected by the head of police. Smoking while in bed is illegal.
# St. Cloud: Hamburgers may not be eaten on Sundays.
# There is a 10 cent bounty for each rat’s head brought into a town office.
# Virginia: You’re not allowed to park your elephant on Main Street.
# Wayland: Anyone can keep their cow on Main Street downtown at a cost of 3 cents per day.
# You may not swear in front of women and children in the state of Michigan. Kalamazoo: It is against the law to serenade your girlfriend.

# Adultery or Fornication (living together while not married or having sex with someone that is not your spouse) results in a fine of $500 and/or 6 months in prison.
# Cattle rustling is punishable by hanging.
# Columbus: The fine for waving a gun in public is higher than actually shooting it.
# Horses are not to be housed within 50 feet of any road.
# In Brandon, Mississipi it is illegal to attempt to stop someone from walking down the sidewalk by parking a motorhome in their path.
# In Temperance, MS, you can’t walk a dog without dressing it in diapers.
# In Oxford, Miss., it’s illegal to “create unnecessary noises.”
# It is illegal for a male to be sexually aroused in public.
# It is illegal to drive around the town square more than 100 times in a single session.
# Oxford: It is illegal to drive around the town square more than 100 times in a single session. One may not spit on the sidewalks on the square. Motor vehicles on the square are prohibited. Horn honking is not permitted as it might scare horses.
# Tylertown: It is unlawful to shave in the center of main street.
# Unnatural intercourse, if both parties voluntarily participate, results in a maximum sentence of 10 years and $10,000.
# Unnatural intercourse, if both parties voluntarily participate, results in a maximum sentence of 10 years and $10,000.
# Vagrancy is punishable by either 30 days in prison or a $201 fine.

# Anyone under the age of 21 who takes out household trash containing even a single empty alcohol beverage container can be charged with illegal possession of alcohol in Missouri.
# Buckner: In this small town of only 4,000, yard waste may be burned any day except Sunday.
# Children can buy shotguns in Kansas City, Missouri… but not toy cap guns.
# Excelsior Springs: Hard objects may not be thrown by hand. Worrying squirrels is not tolerated.
# Four women may not rent an apartment together.
# Hard objects may not be thrown by hand.
# In Ballwin, Mo., the only place you can use vulgar, obscene or indecent language is in your home.
# In Merryville women are prohibited from wearing corsets because “the privilege of admiring the curvaceous, unencumbered body of a young woman should not be denied to the normal, red-blooded American male.”
# In Springfield, door to door salesman are prohibited from selling their goods while standing in the middle of the road, screaming at passing vehicles.
# In St. Louis, it’s illegal to sit on the curb of any city street and drink beer from a bucket.
# In St. Louis, a law on the books makes it illegal to park your car without turning off the engine. This was to avoid scaring horses.
# It is illegal to have oral sex.
# It is not illegal to speed.
# It’s illegal to sit on any street curb in St. Louis, Missouri, and drink beer from a bucket.
# Kansas City: Minors are not allowed to purchase cap pistols, however they may buy shotguns freely. Installation of bathtubs with four legs resembling animal paws is prohibited.
# Marceline: Minors can buy rolling paper and tobacco but not lighters.
# Marquette: It is illegal for more than four unrelated persons to occupy the same dwelling (The Brothel Law).
# Minors can buy rolling paper and tobacco but not lighters.
# Minors in Kansas City, Missouri, are not allowed to purchase cap pistols; they may buy shotguns freely, however.
# Mole: Frightening a baby is in violation of the law.
# Natchez: It shall be unlawful to provide beer or other intoxicants to elephants.
# Purdy: Dancing is strictly prohibited.
# St. Louis: It’s illegal to sit on the curb of any city street and drink beer from a bucket. This law refers back to the extinct Italian celebration, Hill Day, when beer was served in buckets. A milk man may not run while on duty.
# University City: Four women may not rent an apartment together.

# It is a felony for a wife to open her husband’s mail.
# It is illegal to have a sheep in the cab of your truck without a chaperone.
# In Billings, Montana it is illegal for employees of the city’s communications center to program their phones with speed dial.
# Balls may not be thrown within the city limits.
# It is a misdemeanor to show movies that depict acts of felonious crime in Montana.
# Bozeman has a law that bans all sexual activity between members of the opposite sex in the front yard of a home after sundown — if they’re nude.
# Seven or more Indians are considered a raiding or war party and it is legal to shoot them.
# It is illegal for a man and a woman to have sex in any other position other than missionary style. In Montana, it is illegal for married women to go fishing alone on Sundays, and illegal for unmarried women to fish alone at all.
# It is a misdemeanor to show movies that depict acts of felonious crime.
# It is a felony for a wife to open her husband’s mail.
# It is illegal to have a sheep in the cab of your truck without a chaperone.
# Excelsior Springs: Balls may not be thrown within the city limits.
# Helena: No item may be thrown across a street.
# Helena, Montana, mandates that a woman can’t dance on a table in a saloon or bar unless she has on at least three pounds, two ounces of clothing.
# Salisbury: Pop bottles are not to be thrown on the ground.
# Whitehall: It is illegal to operate a vehicle with ice picks attached to the wheels.
# Montana just legalized the production of caviar.

# A man is not allowed to run around with a shaved chest.
# A parent can be arrested if her/his child cannot hold back a burp during a church service.
# Barbers are forbidden by law from shaving a man’s chest in Omaha, Nebraska.
# If a child burps during church, his parent may be arrested.
# In the fine state of Nebraska, it is not legal for a tavern owner to serve beer unless a nice kettle of soup is also brewing.
# It is illegal for a mother to give her daughter a perm without a state license.
# It is illegal for bar owners to sell beer unless they are simultaneously brewing a kettle of soup.
# It is Illegal to go whale fishing.
# It is illegal to sleep naked in a hotel/ motel room.
# Lehigh: Doughnut holes may not be sold
# Omaha: Sneezing or burping is illegal during a church service.
# The owner of every hotel in Hastings is required to provide each guest with a clean and pressed nightshirt. No couple, even if they are married, may sleep together in the nude. Nor may they have sex unless they are wearing one of these clean, white cotton nightshirts.
# Waterloo: Barbers are forbidden from eating onions between 7 A.M. and 7 P.M.

# A man is forbidden from buying drinks for more than three people other than himself at any one period during the day.
# Clark County: An ordinance makes bringing a concealable fire arm into the county illegal unless it is registered with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department. In order to register a handgun, however, it must be brought in to the police station. Furthermore, you may not register a gun on the weekends, but the police may prosecute you at that time.
# Elko: Everyone walking the streets is required to wear a mask.
# Eureka: Men who wear moustaches are forbidden from kissing women.
# In Eureka, Nevada men who have mustaches are forbidden from kissing women.
# In Las Vegas, Nevada: It’s against the law to pawn your dentures.
# In Las Vegas you can bet on any team–except The University of Nevada at Las Vegas.
# In Nevada sex without a condom is considered illegal.
# In Nevada until the 1960s it was illegal to sell liquor at religious camp meetings, within a half-mile of the state prison, in the State Capitol Building or to imbeciles.
# In Reno, Nevada staging a marathon dance is illegal, although posting a notice on a fire hydrant about illegal dance marathons is not.
# In the old days in Nevada a man caught beating his wife was tied to a stake for eight hours a day with a sign that read, “Wife Beater” fastened to his chest.
# It’s illegal in Nevada to have a “house of ill fame” within 400 yards of a church or school.
# It is illegal to drive a camel on the highway.
# It is illegal in Reno, Nevada to conceal a spray-painted shopping cart in your basement.
# It’s still “legal” to hang someone for shooting your dog on your property.
# Nyala: A man is forbidden from buying drinks for more than three people other than himself at any one period during the day.
# Saloonkeepers had to post the names of habitual drunkards if so requested by the local sheriff or members of the imbibers’ immediate families.

New Hampshire
# Any cattle that crosses state roads must be fitted with a device to gather its feces.
# If a person is caught raking the beaches, picking up litter, hauling away trash, building a bench for the park, or many other kind things without a permit, he/she may be fined $150 for ”maintaining the national forest without a permit”.
# In New Hampshire it is illegal to inhale bus fumes with the intent of inducing euphoria.
# In New Hampshire you are prohibited from pawning the clothes off your back to pay off gambling debts.
# It is considered an offense to check into a hotel under an assumed name.
# It is illegal to pick seaweed up off of the beach.
# New Hampshire law forbids you to tap your feet, nod your head, or in any way keep time to the music in a tavern, restaurant, or cafe.
# On Sundays citizens may not relieve themselves while looking up.
# White Mountain Nat. Forest: If a person is caught raking the beaches, picking up litter, hauling away trash, building a bench for the park, or many other kind things without a permit, he/she may be fined $150 for ”maintaining the national forest without a permit”.
# You cannot sell the clothes you are wearing to pay off a gambling debt.
# You may not run machinery on Sundays.

New Jersey
# Automobiles are not to pass horse drawn carriages on the street.
# Bernards Township: It is illegal to frown as the town is a “Frown-Free Town Zone”.
# Caldwell: You may not dance or wear shorts on the main avenue.
# Car dealerships are forbidden from opening on Sunday.
# Cranford: Citizens are not permitted to park their own boat on their lawn.
# Cresskill: All cats must wear three bells to warn birds of their whereabouts.
# Elizabeth: It is forbidden for a woman, on a Sunday, to walk down Broad Street without wearing a petticoat.
# If you have been convicted of driving while intoxicated, you may never again apply for personalized license plates.
# In Berkley Heights you may not walk your cattle on the street on Sunday.
# In Newark it is illegal to buy ice cream after 6:00 p.m.
# In New Jersey it is illegal to delay or detain a homing pigeon.
# In New Jersey, it is illegal to slurp soup.
# It’s illegal in New Jersey for parents to give their children under the age of 18 even a sip of alcohol.
# It is against the law for a man to knit during the fishing season.
# It is against the law to “frown” at a police officer.
# It is illegal to delay or detain a homing pigeon.
# It is illegal to offer whiskey or cigarettes to animals at the local zoo.
# It’s also illegal in this state to throw a bad pickle on the street.
# Lovers in Liberty Corner should avoid satisfying their lustful urges in a parked car. If the horn accidentally sounds while they are frolicking behind the wheel, the couple can face a jail term.
# Manville: It is illegal to offer whiskey or cigarettes to animals a the local zoo.
# Newark: It is illegal to sell ice cream after 6pm, unless the customer has a note from his doctor.
# Ocean City: People may not slurp their soup. Pinball machines are not to be played on Sunday. Raw hamburger may not be sold.
# On a highway you can not park under a bridge.
# Raritan: Profanity is prohibited.
# Raw hamburger may not be sold.
# Sea Isle City: There will be no boiling of bones on the property.
# There is no horse racing allowed on the New Jersey Turnpike.
# Trenton: You may not throw a bad pickle in the street. Pickles are not to be consumed on Sundays.
# Unless you have a doctor’s note, it’s illegal to buy ice cream after 6 PM in Newark, New Jersey.
# You cannot pump your own gas. All gas stations are full service and full service only.
# You may not slurp your soup.

New Mexico
# A city council member in Albuquerque, N.M., introduced a resolution a few years ago to ban Santa Claus from the city. The matter was defeated.
# Carrizozo: It’s forbidden for a female to appear unshaven in public.
# Females are strictly forbidden to appear unshaven in public.
# In Albuquerque, New Mexico it is illegal for cab drivers to reach out and pull potential customers into their cabs.
# In Carlsbad it’s legal for couples to have sex in a parked vehicle during their lunch break from work, as long as the car or van has drawn curtains to stop strangers from peeking in.
# In recent years, several efforts have been made to legalize camel racing and ostrich racing in New Mexico, but to no avail. Those bills were defeated, but the legislature recently allowed gambling on bicycle races.
# It’s forbidden for a female to appear unshaven in public.
# Las Cruces: You may not carry a lunchbox down Main Street.
# State officials ordered 400 words of “sexually explicit material” to be cut from Romeo and Juliet.

The Red Pyramid of Snofru

The Red Pyramid at Dashur has the second largest base of any pyramid in Egypt (only slightly smaller then the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza); each side measures 220m (722 feet).
However, with it’s sides sloping at 43°22′, it is substantially shorter at 104 meters (343 feet). Nevertheless, it is the fourth highest pyramid ever built in Egypt, with almost 160 layers of stone.

Stripped from its limestone casing, this pyramid reveals the reddish sandstone used to build most of its core. This explains its modern-day name, the Red Pyramid.
Its Ancient Egyptian name was “The Shining One”.

The severe structural problems encountered while building the Bent Pyramid South of Dashur, led Snofru (Sneferu) to build yet another pyramid, at a small distance to the North. Significantly, the Red Pyramid was the first successful, true, cased Pyramid built in Egypt, ushering in the era of the Giza style pyramids.

The Red Pyramid1 The Red Pyramid of Snofru

Built by Khufu’s father, Snefru, what really makes this pyramid special today is the lack of crowds and circus atmosphere that plagues the Giza Plateau, along with the fact that it can currently be entered without limitation.
The Red Pyramid12 The Red Pyramid of Snofru
Tura limestone was used as casing stone to cover the pyramid. Though some casing still remains, most has been removed. However, about every twentieth casing stone discovered had inscriptions on the back sides. Some were inscribed with the cartouche of Snefru while others had inscriptions in red paint naming the various work crews, such as the “Green Gang” or the “Western Gang”. Snefru’s cartouche was an important discovery, particularly since there are no identifying inscriptions within the pyramid.

East of the pyramid is what remains of a mortuary temple, as well as the first capstone (Pyramidion) ever found belonging to an Old Kingdom Pyramid. It was recovered in fragments and reconstructed. The mortuary temple itself, though nothing much remains, is significant because Snefru pioneered the east west alignment of Egyptian temples to match the path of the sun.

The Red Pyramid History

The inscriptions found on the back of the casing stones gave us clues to how long the pyramid took to build and also revealed the sequence of work that took place.

An inscription found at the base of this pyramid has shown that work had started during the year of the 15th cattle count of Snofru’s reign. Since the cattle counts were held at irregular intervals during this reign, this refers to somewhere between Snofru’s 15th and 30th year. It is very likely that the pyramid construction was started at the time when structural problems encountered when building the Bent Pyramid forced the builders to temporarily abandon this project.

Interestingly, a second inscription found 30 courses of stones higher is dated 2 to 4 years later than the inscription found at the base. This gives an idea about the speed at which the Egyptians were able to build a monument like this pyramid.

Within four years, 30 percent of the pyramid had been completed, and the entire pyramid was finished in about seventeen years.

There is little doubt that Snofru was finally buried in this pyramid, although the fragments of human remains found inside the burial chamber are not certain to have been his.

Interestingly, during the reign of Pepi I of the 6th Dynasty, this pyramid along with its southern neighbor, the Bent Pyramid, was considered as one estate.

The Geometry of the Red Pyramid

The Red Pyramid was built with a slope of only 43°22′. Its base length is 220 meters, that is 32 meters more than the Bent Pyramid. Its height is the same as the Bent Pyramid.

Basic Dimensions:

* base length: 220 m
* slope: 43o 22′
* height: 104 m
* burial chamber: 4.18 x 8.55 m (height: 14.67 m)

The Red Pyramid13 The Red Pyramid of Snofru
The broader base and lower slope were intended to better spread the mass of this pyramid and thus avoid the structural problems that had temporarily halted works on the Bent Pyramid.

The internal structure of this pyramid is a further continuation of the pyramid at Meidum and the Bent Pyramid. Contrary to this latter monument, however, there is only one internal structure, making it a lot more simple.

The entrance is located 28 m high up in the Northern face of the pyramid.
A descending passage (at an angle of 27 degrees) leads down for 62.63 m to a short horizontal corridor 7.4m long. This is followed by two almost identical antechambers with corbelled roofs. Both antechambers measure 3.65 by 8.36 m and are 12.31 m high.

The burial chamber can only be reached via a short passage which opens high up in the wall of the second antechamber. The burial chamber measures 4.18 by 8.55 m. Its corbelled roof goes up to a height of 14.67 m. It is located well above ground level, in the core of the pyramid.
The chapel built against the Eastern face of the pyramid was finished hastily, probably after the death of Snofru. It is somewhat more elaborate than the eastern chapel of the Red Pyramid or the pyramid at Meidum in that it houses an inner sanctuary, flanked by two smaller chapels.

There is no trace of a causeway leading down to the Valley Temple, of which few remains were found at the end of the 19th century.

In fact, all three of the chambers in this pyramid have corbelled ceilings, with between eleven and fourteen layers. Even with some two million tones of stone above, this ceiling design is so strong that there are no cracks or structural problems even today.

The Red Pyramid14 The Red Pyramid of Snofru
A short passage on the south side of the first chamber leads to a second chamber. These first two chambers are at ground level, while a third chamber is higher, built within the masonry of the pyramid itself.

The second chamber is unusual in that it lies directly under the apex of the pyramid, or center point of the pyramid. It is one of the only pyramids in Egypt to have this design layout. The final chamber, with its entrance passageway about 25 feet above the floor of the second chamber, can be accessed by a staircase (of modern construction).

Egyptologists believe the final chamber was intended to be the actual burial chamber. The floor has been excavated in an unsuccessful attempt to find other passageways.

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